By the fourteenth week (first week of second trimester), all the discomforts have disappeared and it’s time to enjoy the best of your pregnancy. For many moms, this is the time to get out and enjoy the elevated energy levels, show close friends, and treat your partner to a special holiday.
The baby is growing very fast and is about 3.4 inches and 1.5 ounces. Notably, the placenta is fully developed and is the main source of nutrition for the baby. The Yolk Sac has disintegrated completely, and the baby can be seen floating freely on the amniotic sac.
The neck and chin start emerging: At week 14, the baby’s head is still bigger compared to another part of the body. Indeed, it accounts for approximately half of the entire length. Notably, the chin and neck start emerging so that the head is a little differentiated.
The appearance of facial features: By now eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and lashes line are visible and will be in their final position by close of the week. Unlike other parts of the body, the head is well covered with deep layers of cells by this week, and the pretty face of the baby will be revealed in weeks to come.
Complete development of kidneys and bladder: By week 14, your baby’s bladder and kidneys are fully developed and can clean the content from the digestive system. The amniotic fluid ingested through the mouth is passed via kidneys and passed as urine every 5 hours.
As the discomforts of the first trimester fade off, a new set of changes emerge. However, the new changes will not have a lot of negative discomforts.
By the time the 14th week is over, you will have added about 4 to 6 pounds since the first day of pregnancy. Remember that this is average, and you can be slightly higher or less. The best thing is targeting total weight gain of about 25 lbs to 35 lbs by the close of the pregnancy.
One thing that becomes fairly common during the fourteenth week is constipation. This could be related to a high amount of iron, types of food, or genetics. In chronic levels, constipation can cause hemorrhoids, and you should try as much as possible to keep it down. Consider taking lots of water, taking foods with high fiber content, and a lot of vegetables.
Because of elevated energy levels, you will feel like doing more and more exercises starting from week 14. However, you will need to identify the right exercises to engage in order to avoid excess back pain and keep the baby safe. Consider talking to your doctor and fitness expert to come up with a good plan for the subsequent weeks to keep your muscles and transport system more effective. Good exercises include yoga, light weight lifting, regular short walks, and common chores such as kitchen tasks.
Unlike some mothers’ argument that one needs to maintain a good body shape as the baby bump starts appearing, you should never consider dieting. It is prudent to ensure that you take balanced meals at all times, a lot of fruits, and water. Remember to take them in small portions so that you do not suffer from constipation.