Basically, it is a diagnosis given to couples who have not been able to become pregnant and who have had fertility testing done, but with no apparent problems.
It is a type of infertility that is idiopathic in the sense that the reason for the infertility is not known even after all the many different tests are completed.
As difficult as this is to hear, approximately 20 to 30% of infertile couples are being told that they have unexplained infertility. There may, of course, be something wrong, but simply cannot always be detected with the currant testing methods. Here is a possible list of things that may be wrong, but that will not necessarily show up during testing. They include:
- The egg is not being released at the optimal time needed for fertilization
- Sperm is unable to reach the egg
- Decreased maternal immune tolerance toward the embryo
- The transport of the zygote is somehow interfered with
- The egg may not enter into the fallopian tube
- Failure of implantation
- Fertilization does not happen
- Eggs that are not of a high enough quality, and are at a reduced capacity (there are no tests available for this)
- Polymorphisms in folate pathway genes
Many couples with unexplained infertility will often go on to taking a fertility medication such as Clomid, and have intrauterine insemination (IUI). When trying this does not work, many go on to the process of in vitro fertilization or (IVF). What most are unaware of, however, is that sometimes during IVF, subtle infertility factors can be detected, which can also make in vitro a diagnostic tool as well. One issue that can often cause problems but normally goes undiscovered due to the lack of a test is insufficient egg quality. But, when one is having IVF, a woman’s egg quality can be seen at the time of the retrieval of eggs, under the microscope. This can provide some very valuable information about an incredibly important subject. Another issue that can be discovered through IVF and no other means is if a couple has poor embryo development after fertilization. If one of these things is the reason for your “unexplained infertility”, the good news is that there are ways to treat these problems and achieve your goals with the help of in vitro fertilization.
If you have unexplained infertility, there are definitely some options that you can utilize, so don’t give up hope. Some of the best choices are:
- Oral ovarian stimulation (Clomid, Letrozole or Anastrozole)
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Intracervical insemination (ICI)
Fertility cleansing also may help followed by the taking of fertility herbs, some of which would include:
- Dong Quai
- Vitex, Chaste Tree Berry
- Red Raspberry Leaf
Some supportive herbs for the male’s fertility include:
- Goji Berry
- American Ginseng Root
- Milk Thistle Seed
- Maca Root
If you have already been tested and diagnosed with unexplained infertility, remember that you do have other options. Consider that you may need additional testing, or that it could be as simple as needing a changed diet or a reduction in either you or your partner’s stress level. Remember, try and keep a positive attitude and don’t give up until you have tried every possible avenue, even if some of them may not sound like something that you would normally think of as an option.